Intermediary roles of Southern NGOs in certification
Luciana Sani Kosasih with Prof. Glasbergen, Prof. Santoso and Dr. Verena Bitzer
Recent developments in sustainability require transnational governance. Due to limitations and changes, states are no longer the sole actors responsible for addressing sustainability challenges. Non-state actors, such as the business sector and civil society increasingly share responsibility in these issues as well. NGOs, as a part of civil society, gain a stronger and more important position in global governance. The question however is whether NGOs should be involved in certification at all, and if so, what role they have to playMost current studies recognize the possible roles of NGOs in transnational governance, but there is hardly any systematic categorization of these roles. Also, most studies only focus on the role of Northern NGOs. During her first fieldwork study, Sani therefore adopted the following research objectives:
To observe whether Southern NGOs have similar intermediary roles as Northern NGOs and to identify differences and similarities between the roles of Northern and Southern NGOs.
In the first study, Sani will focus on intermediary roles Southern NGOs may play. In the literature four intermediary roles for Northern NGOs can be recognized: linking smallholder farmers to the global market, bridging government and the business sector, translating external demands and local values, and bringing vision(s) into practice. Sani will interview employees from multiple NGOs in Indonesia to find an answer to these questions.